Select Publications

Journal articles

McKenna S; Santoso A; Gupta AS; Taschetto AS; Cai W, 2020, 'Indian Ocean Dipole in CMIP5 and CMIP6: characteristics, biases, and links to ENSO', Scientific Reports, vol. 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68268-9

Wang G; Cai W; Yang K; Santoso A; Yamagata T, 2020, 'A unique feature of the 2019 extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole event', Geophysical Research Letters, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020gl088615

Wang G; Cai W; Santoso A, 2020, 'Stronger increase in the frequency of extreme convective than extreme warm El Niño events under greenhouse warming', Journal of Climate, vol. 33, pp. 675 - 690, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0376.1

Dhame S; Taschetto AS; Santoso A; Meissner KJ, 2020, 'Indian Ocean warming modulates global atmospheric circulation trends', Climate Dynamics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-020-05369-1

Cai W; McPhaden MJ; Grimm AM; Rodrigues RR; Taschetto AS; Garreaud RD; Dewitte B; Poveda G; Ham Y-G; Santoso A; Ng B; Anderson W; Wang G; Geng T; Jo H-S; Marengo JA; Alves LM; Osman M; Li S; Wu L; Karamperidou C; Takahashi K; Vera C, 2020, 'Climate impacts of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation on South America', Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, vol. 1, pp. 215 - 231, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43017-020-0040-3

Makarim S; Sprintall J; Liu Z; Yu W; Santoso A; Yan XH; Susanto RD, 2019, 'Previously unidentified Indonesian Throughflow pathways and freshening in the Indian Ocean during recent decades', Scientific Reports, vol. 9, pp. 7364, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43841-z

Bordbar MH; England MH; Sen Gupta A; Santoso A; Taschetto AS; Martin T; Park W; Latif M, 2019, 'Uncertainty in near-term global surface warming linked to tropical Pacific climate variability', Nature Communications, vol. 10, pp. 1990, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09761-2

Timmermann A; An SI; Kug JS; Jin FF; Cai W; Capotondi A; Cobb KM; Lengaigne M; McPhaden MJ; Stuecker MF; Stein K; Wittenberg AT; Yun KS; Bayr T; Chen HC; Chikamoto Y; Dewitte B; Dommenget D; Grothe P; Guilyardi E; Ham YG; Hayashi M; Ineson S; Kang D; Kim S; Kim WM; Lee JY; Li T; Luo JJ; McGregor S; Planton Y; Power S; Rashid H; Ren HL; Santoso A; Takahashi K; Todd A; Wang G; Wang G; Xie R; Yang WH; Yeh SW; Yoon J; Zeller E; Zhang X, 2019, 'Author Correction: El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity (Nature, (2018), 559, 7715, (535-545), 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6)', Nature, vol. 567, pp. E3, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-0994-9

Santoso A; Hendon H; Watkins A; Power S; Dommenget D; England MH; Frankcombe L; Holbrook NJ; Holmes R; Hope P; Lim EP; Luo JJ; McGregor S; Neske S; Nguyen H; Pepler A; Rashid H; Gupta AS; Taschetto AS; Wang G; Abellán E; Sullivan A; Huguenin MF; Gamble F; Delage F, 2019, 'Dynamics and predictability of El Niño-Southern oscillation: An Australian perspective on progress and challenges', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 100, pp. 403 - 420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0057.1

Holmes RM; McGregor S; Santoso A; England MH, 2019, 'Contribution of tropical instability waves to ENSO irregularity', Climate Dynamics, vol. 52, pp. 1837 - 1855, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4217-0

Cai W; Wu L; Lengaigne M; Li T; McGregor S; Kug JS; Yu JY; Stuecker MF; Santoso A; Li X; Ham YG; Chikamoto Y; Ng B; McPhaden MJ; Du Y; Dommenget D; Jia F; Kajtar JB; Keenlyside N; Lin X; Luo JJ; Martín-Rey M; Ruprich-Robert Y; Wang G; Xie SP; Yang Y; Kang SM; Choi JY; Gan B; Kim GI; Kim CE; Kim S; Kim JH; Chang P, 2019, 'Pantropical climate interactions', Science, vol. 363, pp. eaav4236 - eaav4236, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aav4236

Cai W; Wang G; Dewitte B; Wu L; Santoso A; Takahashi K; Yang Y; Carréric A; McPhaden MJ, 2018, 'Increased variability of eastern Pacific El Niño under greenhouse warming', Nature, vol. 564, pp. 201 - 206, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0776-9

Cai W; Wang G; Gan B; Wu L; Santoso A; Lin X; Chen Z; Jia F; Yamagata T, 2018, 'Stabilised frequency of extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole under 1.5°C warming', Nature Communications, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03789-6

Abellán E; McGregor S; England MH; Santoso A, 2018, 'Distinctive role of ocean advection anomalies in the development of the extreme 2015–16 El Niño', Climate Dynamics, vol. 51, pp. 2191 - 2208, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4007-0

Herold N; Santoso A, 2018, 'Indian Ocean warming during peak El Niño cools surrounding land masses', Climate Dynamics, vol. 51, pp. 2097 - 2112, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4001-6

Timmermann A; An SI; Kug JS; Jin FF; Cai W; Capotondi A; Cobb K; Lengaigne M; McPhaden MJ; Stuecker MF; Stein K; Wittenberg AT; Yun KS; Bayr T; Chen HC; Chikamoto Y; Dewitte B; Dommenget D; Grothe P; Guilyardi E; Ham YG; Hayashi M; Ineson S; Kang D; Kim S; Kim WM; Lee JY; Li T; Luo JJ; McGregor S; Planton Y; Power S; Rashid H; Ren HL; Santoso A; Takahashi K; Todd A; Wang G; Wang G; Xie R; Yang WH; Yeh SW; Yoon J; Zeller E; Zhang X, 2018, 'El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity', Nature, vol. 559, pp. 535 - 545, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6

Kajtar JB; Santoso A; McGregor S; England MH; Baillie Z, 2018, 'Model under-representation of decadal Pacific trade wind trends and its link to tropical Atlantic bias', Climate Dynamics, vol. 50, pp. 1471 - 1484, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3699-5

Santoso A; Mcphaden MJ; Cai W, 2017, 'The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño', Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 55, pp. 1079 - 1129, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017RG000560

Cai W; Wang G; Santoso A; Lin X; Wu L, 2017, 'Definition of Extreme El Niño and Its Impact on Projected Increase in Extreme El Niño Frequency', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 44, pp. 11 - 190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075635

Wang G; Cai W; Gan B; Wu L; Santoso A; Lin X; Chen Z; McPhaden MJ, 2017, 'Continued increase of extreme El Ninõ frequency long after 1.5 C warming stabilization', Nature Climate Change, vol. 7, pp. 568 - 572, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE3351

England MH; Hutchinson DK; Santoso A; Sijp WP, 2017, 'Ice-atmosphere feedbacks dominate the response of the climate system to drake passage closure', Journal of Climate, vol. 30, pp. 5775 - 5790, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0554.1

Chung CTY; Power SB; Santoso A; Wang G, 2017, 'Multiyear variability in the Tasman sea and impacts on Southern hemisphere climate in CMIP5 models', Journal of Climate, vol. 30, pp. 4413 - 4427, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0862.1

Wang G; Cai W; Santoso A, 2017, 'Assessing the impact of model biases on the projected increase in frequency of extreme positive Indian Ocean dipole events', Journal of Climate, vol. 30, pp. 2757 - 2767, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0509.1

Kajtar JB; Santoso A; England MH; Cai W, 2017, 'Tropical climate variability: interactions across the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans', Climate Dynamics, vol. 48, pp. 2173 - 2190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3199-z

Sen Gupta A; McGregor S; Van Sebille E; Ganachaud A; Brown JN; Santoso A, 2016, 'Future changes to the Indonesian Throughflow and Pacific circulation: The differing role of wind and deep circulation changes', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 43, pp. 1669 - 1678, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL067757

Santoso A; Cai W; Collins M; McPhaden M; Jin F-F; Guilyardi E; Vecchi G; Dommenget D; Wang G, 2015, 'ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnections, and Impacts', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 96, pp. 150904101253006 - 150904101253006, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00141.1

Cai W; Santoso A; Wang G; Yeh SW; An SI; Cobb KM; Collins M; Guilyardi E; Jin FF; Kug JS; Lengaigne M; Mcphaden MJ; Takahashi K; Timmermann A; Vecchi G; Watanabe M; Wu L, 2015, 'ENSO and greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 5, pp. 849 - 859, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2743

Aiken CM; Santoso A; McGregor S; England MH, 2015, 'Optimal forcing of ENSO either side of the 1970’s climate shift and its implications for predictability', Climate Dynamics, vol. 45, pp. 47 - 65, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2300-8

Ng B; Cai W; Walsh K; Santoso A, 2015, 'Nonlinear processes reinforce extreme Indian Ocean Dipole events', Scientific Reports, vol. 5, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep11697

Cai W; Wang G; Santoso A; Mcphaden MJ; Wu L; Jin FF; Timmermann A; Collins M; Vecchi G; Lengaigne M; England MH; Dommenget D; Takahashi K; Guilyardi E, 2015, 'Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 5, pp. 132 - 137, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2492

Boucharel J; Timmermann A; Santoso A; England MH; Jin FF; Balmaseda MA, 2015, 'A surface layer variance heat budget for ENSO', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 42, pp. 3529 - 3537, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063843

Kajtar JB; Santoso A; England MH; Cai W, 2015, 'Indo-pacific climate interactions in the absence of an Indonesian throughflow', Journal of Climate, vol. 28, pp. 5017 - 5029, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00114.1

Kim ST; Cai W; Jin FF; Santoso A; Wu L; Guilyardi E; An SI, 2014, 'Response of El Niño sea surface temperature variability to greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, pp. 786 - 790, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2326

McGregor S; Spence P; Schwarzkopf FU; England MH; Santoso A; Kessler WS; Timmermann A; Böning CW, 2014, 'ENSO-driven interhemispheric Pacific mass transports', Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, vol. 119, pp. 6221 - 6237, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010286

Borlace S; Santoso A; Cai W; Collins M, 2014, 'Extreme swings of the South Pacific Convergence Zone and the different types of El Niño events', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 41, pp. 4695 - 4703, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL060551

Cai W; Santoso A; et al. , 2014, 'Increased frequency of extreme Indian Ocean Dipole events due to greenhouse warming.', Nature, vol. 510, pp. 254 - 258, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13327

Cai W; Borlace S; Lengaigne M; Van Rensch P; Collins M; Vecchi G; Timmermann A; Santoso A; Mcphaden MJ; Wu L; England MH; Wang G; Guilyardi E; Jin FF, 2014, 'Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, pp. 111 - 116, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2100

Taschetto AS; Gupta AS; Jourdain NC; Santoso A; Ummenhofer CC; England MH, 2014, 'Cold tongue and warm pool ENSO Events in CMIP5: Mean state and future projections', Journal of Climate, vol. 27, pp. 2861 - 2885, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00437.1

Van Sebille E; Sprintall J; Schwarzkopf FU; Sen Gupta A; Santoso A; England MH; Biastoch A; Böning CW, 2014, 'Pacific-to-Indian Ocean connectivity: Tasman leakage, Indonesian Throughflow, and the role of ENSO', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 119, pp. 1365 - 1382, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009525

England MH; Mcgregor S; Spence P; Meehl GA; Timmermann A; Cai W; Gupta AS; Mcphaden MJ; Purich A; Santoso A, 2014, 'Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, pp. 222 - 227, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2106

Santoso A; McGregor S, 2014, 'Are we heading for a worrying Super El Niño?', The Conversation

Borlace S; Cai W; Santoso A, 2013, 'Multidecadal ENSO amplitude variability in a 1000-yr simulation of a coupled global climate model: Implications for observed ENSO variability', Journal of Climate, vol. 26, pp. 9399 - 9407, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00281.1

Santoso A; McGregor S; Jin FF; Cai W; England MH; An SI; McPhaden MJ; Guilyardi E, 2013, 'Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Niño propagation asymmetry and future projections', Nature, vol. 504, pp. 126 - 130, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12683

Hutchinson D; England MH; Santoso A; Hogg A, 2013, 'Interhemispheric asymmetry in transient global warming: The role of the Drake Passage', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1587 - 1593, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50341

McGregor S; Ramesh N; Spence P; England MH; Mcphaden M; Santoso A, 2013, 'Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1 - 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50136

Aiken CM; Santoso A; McGregor S; England MH, 2013, 'The 1970's shift in ENSO dynamics: A linear inverse model perspective', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1612 - 1617, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50264

Santoso A; England MH; Cai W, 2012, 'Impact of Indo-Pacific feedback interactions on ENSO dynamics diagnosed using ensemble climate simulations', Journal of Climate, vol. 25, pp. 7743 - 7763, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00287.1

Pui ; Sharma A; Santoso A; Westra SP, 2012, 'Impact of the El Nino Southern Oscillation, Indian Ocean Dipole, and Southern Annular Mode on daily to sub-daily rainfall characteristics in East Australia.', Monthly Weather Review, vol. 140, pp. 1665 - 1682, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00238.1

Santoso A; Cai W; England MH; Phipps SJ, 2011, 'The role of the Indonesian throughflow on ENSO dynamics in a coupled climate model', Journal of Climate, vol. 24, pp. 585 - 601, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3745.1

Santoso A; Sen Gupta AR; England MH, 2010, 'Genesis of Indian Ocean mixed layer temperature anomalies: a heat budget analysis', Journal of Climate, vol. 23, pp. 5375 - 5403, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3072.1


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