Select Publications

Journal articles

Levayer MMS; Chew GRP; Sheldrick KA; Diwan AD, 2024, 'Answer to the Letter to the Editor of MJ Bolland, et al. concerning “Characteristics of baseline frequency data in spinal RCTs do not suggest widespread non-random allocation” by MMS Levayer, et al. (Eur Spine J [2023]32:3009–3014)', European Spine Journal, 33, pp. 1705 - 1706, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-024-08169-x

Sima S; Lapkin S; Diwan AD, 2024, 'In subjects with chronic low back pain, does neuropathia exclusively correlated to neuronal compression? A correlation study of PainDETECT questionnaire and corresponding MRI and X-ray findings', European Spine Journal, 33, pp. 1465 - 1473, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-024-08156-2

Sima S; Chen X; Sheldrick K; Kuan J; Diwan AD, 2024, 'Reconsidering high intensity zones: its role in intervertebral disk degeneration and low back pain', European Spine Journal, 33, pp. 1474 - 1483, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-024-08185-x

Singh NK; Singh NK; Verma R; Diwan AD, 2024, 'Validation and Estimation of Obesity-Induced Intervertebral Disc Degeneration through Subject-Specific Finite Element Modelling of Functional Spinal Units', Bioengineering, 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering11040344

Sima S; Lapkin S; Gan Z; Diwan AD, 2024, 'Nociceptive pain assessed by the PainDETECT questionnaire may predict response to opioid treatment for chronic low back pain', Heliyon, 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e25834

Lapkin S; Sima S; Gan Z; Diwan AD, 2024, 'A confirmatory factor analysis of an electronic format painDETECT questionnaire for patients with low back pain', Current Medical Research and Opinion, 40, pp. 259 - 265, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2023.2293570

Corban LE; van de Graaf VA; Chen DB; Wood JA; Diwan AD; Macdessi SJ, 2024, 'How often do we alter constitutional limb alignment, joint line obliquity, and Coronal Plane Alignment of the Knee (CPAK) phenotype when performing mechanically aligned TKA? A large single-institution retrospective radiological analysis', Bone and Joint Open, 5, pp. 109 - 116, http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/2633-1462.52.BJO-2023-0122

Sima S; Chen X; Sheldrick K; Lu A; Diwan AD, 2024, 'Imaging predictors of progression of lumbar spondylolysis to spondylolisthesis: a systematic review', Spine Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2024.03.010

Sima S; Chen X; Diwan AD, 2024, 'The association between inflammatory biomarkers and low back disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis', Biomarkers, 29, pp. 171 - 184, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2024.2339285

Li X; Chen X; Wang Y; Diwan AD; Lu S, 2023, 'Early outcomes of oblique lateral interbody fusion with posterior fixation versus posterior interbody fusion with fixation for treating adult degenerative scoliosis', Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-023-04363-7

Farhart P; Beakley D; Diwan A; Duffield R; Rodriguez EP; Chamoli U; Watsford M, 2023, 'Intrinsic variables associated with low back pain and lumbar spine injury in fast bowlers in cricket: a systematic review', BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-023-00732-1

Tavakoli J; Diwan AD; Tipper JL, 2023, 'Intervertebral disc-on-a-chip: a precision engineered toolbox for low back pain studies', Trends in Biotechnology, 41, pp. 1339 - 1342, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2023.04.009

Levayer MMS; Chew GRP; Sheldrick KA; Diwan AD, 2023, 'Characteristics of baseline frequency data in spinal RCTs do not suggest widespread non-random allocation', European Spine Journal, 32, pp. 3009 - 3014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-023-07813-2

Zhang T; Zhu C; Zhao Y; Zhao M; Wang Z; Song R; Meng N; Sial A; Diwan A; Liu J; Cheung JPY, 2023, 'Deep Learning Model to Classify and Monitor Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents Using a Single Smartphone Photograph', JAMA Network Open, 6, pp. E2330617, http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.30617

Tu J; Li W; Hansbro PM; Yan Q; Bai X; Donovan C; Kim RY; Galvao I; Das A; Yang C; Zou J; Diwan A, 2023, 'Smoking and tetramer tryptase accelerate intervertebral disc degeneration by inducing METTL14-mediated DIXDC1 m6 modification', Molecular Therapy, 31, pp. 2524 - 2542, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2023.06.010

Pathinathan K; Kulkarni V; Diwan A, 2023, 'Partial atlantooccipital assimilation causing atlantoaxial instability and early myelopathy in an adult treated with occipitocervical fusion: A case report', International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 109, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2023.108592

Samartzis D; Aboushaala K; Albert TJ; Cha T; Chee A; Diwan AD; Espinoza-Orias A; Hu SS; Inoue N; Jacobs JJ; Lenke LG; Louie PK; Martin JT; Nassr A; Oh C; Phillips FM; Riew KD; Shen FH; Tannoury C; Vaccaro AR; Wong AYL; Yoon ST, 2023, 'Howard S. An: 2023 International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine Wiltse Lifetime Achievement Award', Spine, 48, pp. 810 - 813, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000004627

Chen X; Kohan S; Bhargav D; Choi J; Perera S; Dean C; Chopra N; Sial A; Sandhu HS; Apos E; Appleyard R; Diwan AD, 2023, 'Phase 1 evaluation of an elastomeric nucleus pulposus device as an option to augment disc at microdiscectomy: Experimental results from biomechanical and biocompatibility testing and first in human', JOR Spine, 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsp2.1250

Chen X; Lu S; Chopra N; Cui P; Zhang S; Narulla R; Diwan AD, 2023, 'The association between low virulence organisms in different locations and intervertebral disc structural failure: A meta-analysis and systematic review', JOR Spine, 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsp2.1244

Chew G; Menounos S; Sheldrick K; Das A; Diwan AD, 2023, 'Age-based exclusion is common and multifactorial in spinal RCTs: a systematic review and quantitative analysis', European Spine Journal, 32, pp. 1537 - 1545, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-023-07618-3

Han CS; Maher CG; Steffens D; Diwan A; Magnussen J; Hancock EC; Hancock MJ, 2023, 'Some magnetic resonance imaging findings may predict future low back pain and disability: a systematic review', Journal of Physiotherapy, 69, pp. 79 - 92, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphys.2023.02.007

Alini M; Diwan AD; Erwin WM; Little CB; Melrose J, 2023, 'An update on animal models of intervertebral disc degeneration and low back pain: Exploring the potential of artificial intelligence to improve research analysis and development of prospective therapeutics', JOR Spine, 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsp2.1230

Diwan AD; Melrose J, 2023, 'Intervertebral disc degeneration and how it leads to low back pain', JOR Spine, 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsp2.1231

Ramakrishna VAS; Chamoli U; Larosa AG; Mukhopadhyay SC; Gangadhara Prusty B; Diwan AD, 2023, 'A biomechanical comparison of posterior fixation approaches in lumbar fusion using computed tomography based lumbosacral spine modelling', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 237, pp. 243 - 253, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/09544119221149119

Wang D; Wang W; Han D; Muthu S; Cabrera JP; Hamouda W; Ambrosio L; Cheung JPY; Le HV; Vadalà G; Buser Z; Wang JC; Cho S; Yoon ST; Lu S; Chen X; Diwan AD, 2023, 'Clinical effectiveness of reduction and fusion versus in situ fusion in the management of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: a systematic review and meta-analysis', European Spine Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-023-08041-4

Lu S; Zhu W; Diwan AD; Wang JC; Zhao G; Buser Z; Wang D; Cui P; Wang Y; Kong C; Wang W; Chen X, 2023, 'Global Coronal Malalignment in Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis and Priority-Matching Correction Technique to Prevent Postoperative Coronal Decompensation', Global Spine Journal, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/21925682231178202

Ramakrishna VAS; Chamoli U; Mukhopadhyay SC; Diwan AD; Prusty BG, 2023, 'Measuring compressive loads on a ‘smart’ lumbar interbody fusion cage: Proof of concept', Journal of Biomechanics, 147, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2023.111440

Belavy DL; Tagliaferri SD; Buntine P; Saueressig T; Ehrenbrusthoff K; Chen X; Diwan A; Miller CT; Owen PJ, 2022, 'Interventions for promoting evidence-based guideline-consistent surgery in low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials', European Spine Journal, 31, pp. 2851 - 2865, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-022-07378-6

He B; Sheldrick K; Das A; Diwan A, 2022, 'Clinical and Research MRI Techniques for Assessing Spinal Cord Integrity in Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy—A Scoping Review', Biomedicines, 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10102621

Chen X; Sial A; Stewart C; Vargas Castillo J; Diwan AD, 2022, 'Stand-alone anterior cervical decompression and fusion surgery: A cohort study evaluating a shaped cage without plates or screws', Frontiers in Surgery, 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2022.934018

Chen X; Sima S; Sandhu HS; Kuan J; Diwan AD, 2022, 'Radiographic evaluation of lumbar intervertebral disc height index: An intra and inter-rater agreement and reliability study', Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 103, pp. 153 - 162, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2022.07.018

Chepurin D; Chamoli U; Diwan AD, 2022, 'Bony Stress and Its Association With Intervertebral Disc Degeneration in the Lumbar Spine: A Systematic Review of Clinical and Basic Science Studies', Global Spine Journal, 12, pp. 964 - 979, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/21925682211008837

Mesregah MK; Yoshida B; Lashkari N; Abedi A; Meisel HJ; Diwan A; Hsieh P; Wang JC; Buser Z; Yoon ST, 2022, 'Demographic, clinical, and operative risk factors associated with postoperative adjacent segment disease in patients undergoing lumbar spine fusions: a systematic review and meta-analysis', Spine Journal, 22, pp. 1038 - 1069, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2021.12.002

Ramakrishna VAS; Chamoli U; Larosa AG; Mukhopadhyay SC; Prusty BG; Diwan AD, 2022, 'Finite element modeling of temporal bone graft changes in XLIF: Quantifying biomechanical effects at adjacent levels', Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 40, pp. 1420 - 1435, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.25166

MacDessi SJ; Wood JA; Diwan A; Harris IA, 2022, 'Intraoperative pressure sensors improve soft-tissue balance but not clinical outcomes in total knee arthroplasty: a multicentre randomized controlled trial', Bone and Joint Journal, 104-B, pp. 604 - 612, http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.104B5.BJJ-2021-1299.R2

Li W; Lai K; Chopra N; Zheng Z; Das A; Diwan AD, 2022, 'Gut-disc axis: A cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and low back pain?', European Spine Journal, 31, pp. 917 - 925, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-022-07152-8

Tian Y; Duan J; Cao Y; Zhou H; Diwan AD; Tu J, 2022, 'Bardoxolone Methyl Ameliorates Compression-Induced Oxidative Stress Damage of Nucleus Pulposus Cells and Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Ex Vivo', Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2021.814040

Tu J; Li W; Yang S; Yang P; Yan Q; Wang S; Lai K; Bai X; Wu C; Ding W; Cooper-White J; Diwan A; Yang C; Yang H; Zou J, 2022, 'Single-Cell Transcriptome Profiling Reveals Multicellular Ecosystem of Nucleus Pulposus during Degeneration Progression', Advanced Science, 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/advs.202103631

Tu J; Li W; Yang S; Yang P; Yan Q; Wang S; Lai K; Bai X; Wu C; Ding W; Cooper‐White J; Diwan A; Yang C; Yang H; Zou J, 2022, 'Single‐Cell Transcriptome Profiling Reveals Multicellular Ecosystem of Nucleus Pulposus during Degeneration Progression (Adv. Sci. 3/2022)', Advanced Science, 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/advs.202270016

Chopra N; Menounos S; Choi JP; Hansbro PM; Diwan AD; Das A, 2021, 'Blood-Spinal Cord Barrier: Its Role in Spinal Disorders and Emerging Therapeutic Strategies', NeuroSci, 3, pp. 1 - 27, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/neurosci3010001

Belavy DL; Diwan AD; Ford J; Miller CT; Hahne AJ; Mundell N; Tagliaferri S; Bowe S; Pedder H; Saueressig T; Zhao X; Chen X; Balasundaram AP; Arora NK; Owen PJ, 2021, 'Network meta-analysis for comparative effectiveness of treatments for chronic low back pain disorders: Systematic review protocol', BMJ Open, 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057112

Chen X; Sandhu HS; Vargas Castillo J; Diwan AD, 2021, 'The association between pain scores and disc height change following discectomy surgery in lumbar disc herniation patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis', European Spine Journal, 30, pp. 3265 - 3277, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06891-4

Ong CS; Choy WJ; Phan K; Diwan A; Mobbs R, 2021, '843 Annular Closure Device for Disc Herniation: Meta-Analysis of Clinical Outcome and Complications', British Journal of Surgery, 108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjs/znab259.937

Tu J; Li W; Yang S; Yang P; Yan Q; Wang S; Lai K; Bai X; Wu C; Ding W; Cooper-White J; Diwan A; Yang C; Yang H; Zou J, 2021, 'Single-cell transcriptome profiling reveals multicellular ecosystem of nucleus pulposus during degeneration progression', , http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/2021.05.25.445620

Chen X; Hodges PW; James G; Diwan AD, 2021, 'Do markers of inflammation and/or muscle regeneration in lumbar multifidus muscle and fat differ between individuals with good or poor outcome following microdiscectomy for lumbar disc herniation?', Spine, 46, pp. 678 - 686, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003863

Cui H; Zhang J; Li Z; Chen F; Cui H; Du X; Liu H; Wang J; Diwan AD; Zheng Z, 2021, 'Growth differentiation factor-6 attenuates inflammatory and pain-related factors and degenerated disc-induced pain behaviors in rat model', Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 39, pp. 959 - 970, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.24793

Menounos S; Hansbro PM; Diwan AD; Das A, 2021, 'Pathophysiological Correlation between Cigarette Smoking and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis', NeuroSci, 2, pp. 120 - 134, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/neurosci2020008

Koremans FW; Chen X; Das A; Diwan AD, 2021, 'Changes in back pain scores after bariatric surgery in obese patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis', Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10, pp. 1443, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10071443

Blumenthal S; Diwan AD, 2021, 'Correction to: Editorial (European Spine Journal, (2020), 29, 11, (2629-2630), 10.1007/s00586-020-06607-0)', European Spine Journal, 30, pp. 1085 - 1086, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06708-w

James G; Chen X; Diwan A; Hodges PW, 2021, 'Fat infiltration in the multifidus muscle is related to inflammatory cytokine expression in the muscle and epidural adipose tissue in individuals undergoing surgery for intervertebral disc herniation', European Spine Journal, 30, pp. 837 - 845, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06514-4


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