Researcher

Dr Gemma Carey

Field of Research (FoR)

Biography

Gemma Carey is an NHMRC Fellow and Senior Lecturer. She holds a PhD in social policy and population health from the University of Melbourne and a Masters in Anthropology from the University of Adelaide.

Gemma undertakes primary research in governance and policy implementation. Drawing on this work, she also contributes to emerging debates in public health regarding the social determinants of health. Much of her research investigates the...view more

Gemma Carey is an NHMRC Fellow and Senior Lecturer. She holds a PhD in social policy and population health from the University of Melbourne and a Masters in Anthropology from the University of Adelaide.

Gemma undertakes primary research in governance and policy implementation. Drawing on this work, she also contributes to emerging debates in public health regarding the social determinants of health. Much of her research investigates the processes of ‘joining up’ within government and between government and non-government organisations. Her current research is concerned with the implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme.

Gemma has published over 50 peer-reviewed articles on different aspects of public administration and public health. Her books include: ‘Grassroots to Government: Joining-up in Australia’ (Melbourne University Press), ‘Designing and Implementing Public Policy: Cross-sectoral Debates’ (Routledge), and ‘Managing and leading in interagency settings. Better Partnerships Working Book Series’ (Policy Press, with Helen Dickinson).

In addition to her academic research, she runs a highly regarded policy forum – the Power to Persuade (PTP). PTP is an annual symposium and blog which helps to build relationships between policymakers, academics and the community sector. Running since 2011, PTP is sponsored by government, universities and a range of NGOs and peak bodies (www.powertopersuade.org.au)

Awards:

  • ACT Tall Poppy Scientist Award (2016)
  • National Health and Medical Research Council Early Career Fellowship (2015)
  • Aileen Plant Medal for Contributions to Population Health (given out once every four years by the Public Health Association of Australia, Health Promotion Association of Australia, Australian Epidemiology Association and Australian Faculty of Public Health Medicine) (2015),
  • Sidney Myer Trust Scholar (2009),
  • NHMRC Dora Lush Priority Scholar (2009).
     

Service

  • Associate Editor for the Journal of Family Studies
  • Editorial board of Australian Journal of Public Administration and the International Journal for Integrated Care. 
  • ANZSOG Ethics Committee Member

 

Current grants 

  • Dickinson, H., Carey, G. & Carey, N. Smith, C. Robots and the delivery of care services: What is the role for government in stewarding disruptive innovations? ANZSOG 

  • Barraket, J., Famer, J. Carey, G., Joyce, A & Mason, C (2017). Improving Health Equity of Young People? The role of social enterprise. ARC Linkage. 

  • Kavanagh, A., Llewellyn, G., Emerson, E., Petrie, D, Dickinson, H., Badland, H., Carey, G., Butterworth, P., Einfield, S & Stancliffe, R. Centre for Research Excellence NHMRC in Disability and Health.  (2016-2022) $2 500 000 

  • Carey, G., Malbon, E, Dickinson, H., Mallet, S. & Alexander, D, Kavanagh, A. (2016-2018). Collaborative governance under the National Disability Insurance Scheme: A social network approach to mapping and analysing emerging innovation. ANZSOG 

  • Nevil, A., Carey, G., Kay, A. & Braithwaite, V .(2016-2017). Building capacity and performance through risk responsive regulation. ACT Government  

  • Strazdins, L., Banwell, C., Carey, G Butterworth, P. (2016-2019).  Working longer, staying healthy. ARC Linkage 

  • Carey, G. (2016-2019). Implementing the National Disability Insurance Scheme. National Health and Medical Research Council Early Career Fellowship 

  • Carey, G., Corr, L & Strazdins. (2015-2016). Implications of labour market trends on health behaviours and outcomes. ANSZOG Evidence Review 

  •  Buick, F. & Carey (2016) Structural change in the public sectors: lessons from international experiences. UNSW Special Research Grant

 

Engagement

 

Publications

Full text available here

Books 

  • Carey, G., Crammond, B. & Smith, K. (Under contract). Understanding government intervention and policymaking for public health: Advancing action on the social determinants of health. Palgrave.

  • Carey, G., Dickinson, H. & Craven (eds).(Under contract).  Crossing Boundaries in Public Management and Policy: progressing the fundamental questions. Routledge: UK.

  • Carey, G. (2016). Grassroots to Government: Joining up in Australia. Melbourne University Press

  • Dickinson, H. & Carey, G. (2016) ‘Managing and leading in interagency settings. Better Partnerships Working Book Series (Second Edition). Policy Press: UK

  • Carey, G., Landgovt, K. & Barraket, J. (eds)  (2015) Creating and implementing public policy: Cross-sectoral debates. Routledge

Book Chapters

 

  • Carey, G., Buick, F. & Malbon, E. (Forthcoming) Institutions and wicked problems. Global Encyclopaedia of Public Administration, Public Policy and Governance. Springer

  • Carey, G. (2015).  Building better relationships across government, research and the community sectors to serve the public interest. Who speaks for and protects the public interest in Australia. Australia 21, Canberra.

  •  Green, C. Joyce., A., Hallett J. & Carey, G. (2015). The greenhouse gas emissions of various dietary practices and intervention possibilities to reduce this impact. In T. Raphaely & D Marinoca (eds) Impacts of Meat Consumption on Health and Environmental Sustainability. IGI Global, Hershey, PA

  •  Carey, G. & Crammond, B. (2015). Creating Joined-up Government: challenging intuitive logic. In Carey, G., Landgovt, K. & Barraket, J. (eds) Creating and implementing public policy: Cross-sectoral debates. Routledge: London.

  •  Carey, G., Landgovt, K. & Barraket, J.  (2015). Crossing boundaries for better public policy. In Carey, G., Landgovt, K. & Barraket, J. (eds) Creating and implementing public policy: Cross-sectoral debates. Routledge: London.

  •  Landgovt, K. Carey, G. & Barraket, J. . (2015). Emerging themes and important lessons for progressing cross-sectoral policy design and implementation: a discussion In Carey, G., Landgovt, K. & Barraket, J. (eds) Creating and implementing public policy: Cross-sectoral debates. Routledge: London.

  •  Carey, G., Graham, M., Shelley, J. & Taket, A. (2009). Discourse, power & exclusion: the experiences of childless women. In Theorising Exclusion. Routledge.

 

Peer-reviewed Articles

 

  • Malbon, E. & Carey, G. (In press)Implications of work time flexibility for health healthy eating and exercise and outcomes. Evidence Base
  • Nevile, A. Carey, G. & Kay, A.(In Press) Value pluralism, organisational hybridity and the politics of implementation. Social Policy & Administration
  • Carey, G. & Landvogt, K. (Online First). Working the spaces in between: lessons from a boundary-spanning model to help facilitate cross-sectoral policy work Australian Journal of Public Administration
  •  Carey, G. Malbon, E., Kavanagh, A., Lewllyn, G. & Reeders, D.(In press)  How might inequalities in the social determinants of health be redressed or entrenched during policy implementation? Examining the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. International Journal for Health in Equity.

  • Carey, G. & Dickinson. (In press). Implementing the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme: Study design and methods. BMC Health Services Research

  • Carey, G, Buick, F., & Malbon, E. (In press) Addressing wicked policy problems:  exploring the relationships between formal and informal institutions in the context of structural change International Journal of Public Administration

  • Buick, F., Carey, G. Pescud. (In press). Structural changes to the public sector and cultural incompatibility: the consequences of political decisions and inadequate change management. Australian Journal of Public Administration

  • Carey, G., Kay, A. & Nevile, A. (In Press). Institutional legacies and ‘sticky layers’: what happens in cases of transformative change? Administration and Society

  • Carey, G., Dickinson, H. & Malbon, E. (In press). The vexed question of market stewardship in the public sector: examining equity and the social contract through the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Social Policy and Administration

  • Malbon, B., Carey, G. Dickinson, H. (In press). Accountability in public service quasi-markets: The case of the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Australian Journal of Public Administration.

  • Carey, G., Dickinson, H & Olney, S.  (Online first)What can feminist theory offer policy implementation challenges? Evidence and Policy

  • Baker, P., Gill, T., Friel, S., Carey, G. & Kay, A. (Online First). Generating political priority for regulatory interventions targeting obesity prevention: an Australian case study. Social Science and Medicine

  •  Dickinson, H & Carey, G. (2017). Managing social and health care integration during the implementation of large-scale reforms: the case of the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Journal of Integrated Care. 25(1): 6-16

  • Crammond, B. & Carey, G. (2017)What do we mean by structure when we talk about structural influences on the social determinants of health and health outcomes? Social Theory and Health 15: 84. 

  • Crammond, B. & Carey, G. (2016). What is policy and where do we look for it when we want to research it? A Glossary Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. DOI 0.1136/jech-2016-207945 71: 404-408

  • Joyce, A., Green, C., Carey, G. & Malbon. (Online First). The ‘Practice Entrepreneur’ – An Australian case study of a systems approach to health promotion. Health promotion International.

  • Carey, G., Buick, F., Pescud, M. & Malbon, E. (Online First). Preventing dysfunction and improving policy advice: the role of intra-departmental boundary spanners. Australian Journal of Public Administration.

  • Carey, G. (2016). Re-conceptualising public health interventions in government. International Journal for Health Policy and Management. Doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2016.91

  • Joyce, A., Carey, G. et al. (2016). Evaluating for impact – What type of data can assist a Health Promoting School approach? Health Promotion International. Online First. Doi: 10.1093/heapro/daw034.

  • Venn, D. Carey, G. Strazdins, L. & Burgess, J. (2016). What Explains Trends in Australian Working-Time Arrangements in the 2000s?  Labour and Industry. Online First. Doi: 10.1080/10301763.2016.1175785

  • Carey, G. & Corr, L (2016). Investigating the institutional norms and values of the Productivity Commission:  The 2012 and 2015 childcare inquiries. Australian Journal of Public Administration. Online First.  Doi:10.11.11/1467-8500.12194

  • Carey, G & Mathews, M. (2016). Methods for delivering complex social services: exploring adaptive management and regulation in the context of the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Public Management Review. Online First. Doi: 10.1080/14719037.2016.114819

  • Carey, G, Malbon, E, Crammond, B et al 2016, 'Can the sociology of social problems help us to understand and manage 'lifestyle drift'?', Health Promotion International, doi: 10.1093/heapro/dav116.

  •  Crammond, B & Carey, G 2016, 'The strange irrelevance of epidemiology', Evidence and Policy: a journal of research, debate and practice, https://www.academia.edu/20914204/Policy_change_for_the_social_determinants_of_health_the_strange_irrelevance_of_social_epidemiology

  •  Carey, G. (2016). Grassroots to Government: Creating joined-up working in Australia. Melbourne University Press: Melbourne.

  •  Carey, G & McLoughlin, P 2016, 'The powerful pull of policy targeting: examining residualisation in Australia', Critical Public Health. 26(2): 147-158

  •  Carey, G, Malbon, E, Carey, N et al 2015, 'Systems science and systems thinking for public health: a systematic review of the field', BMJ Open 2015;5:e009002 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009002

  •  Carey, G & Harris, P 2015, 'Developing adaptive management practices to support joined-up governance', Australian Journal of Public Administration . Doi: 10.1111/1467-8500.12169 (online first) https://www.academia.edu/16489946/Developing_Management_Practices_to_Support_Joined-Up_Governance

  •  Carey, G & Friel, S 2015, 'Understanding the role of public administration in implementing action on the social determinants of health and health inequities', International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 4(12): 795-798

  •  Carey, G, Crammond, B, Malbon, E et al 2015, 'Adaptive policies for reducing inequalities in the social determinants of health.', International Journal of Health Policy and Management.4(11):763-767 http://www.ijhpm.com/article_3097_0.html

  •  Carey, G, Crammond, B & De Leeuw, E 2015, 'Towards health equity: a framework for the application of proportionate universalism', International Journal for Equity in Health. 14:81 doi:10.1186/s12939-015-0207 https://www.academia.edu/15704099/Towards_health_equity_a_framework_for_the_application_of_proportionate_universalism

  •  Carey, G & Crammond, B 2015, 'Systems change for the social determinants of health', BMC Public Health, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 10.

  •  Carey, G & Crammond, B (2015), 'What works in joined-up government? An evidence synthesis', International Journal of Public Administration. 38 (13-14): 1020-1029 https://www.academia.edu/13565889/What_Works_in_Joined-Up_Government_An_Evidence_Synthesis

  •  Carey, G & Crammond, B 2015, 'Action on the social determinants of health: Views from inside the policy process.', Social Science and Medicine, 128: 131-143

  •  Carey, G, Crammond, B & McLoughlin, P , (2015) 'Implementing Joined-up Government: Lessons from the Australian Social Inclusion Agenda', Australian Journal of Public Administration. 74(2): 176-186 https://www.academia.edu/10387515/Implementing_Joined-Up_Government_Lessons_from_the_Australian_Social_Inclusion_Agenda

  •  Carey, G, Crammond, B & Riley, T 2015, 'Top-Down Approaches to Joined-Up Government: Examining the Unintended Consequences of Weak Implementation', International Journal of Public Administration, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 167-178.

  •  Ayton, D., Madeson, L. Carey, G. & Smith, B. (2015). Local churches and health promotion in Australia. Health & Social Care in the Community. Online First DOI: 10.1111/hsc.12258

  •  Joyce, A, Hallet, J, Hannelly, T, Carey., G et al 2014, 'The impact of nutritional choices on global warming and policy implications: examining the link between dietary choices and greenhouse gas emissions', Energy and Emission Control Technologies, vol 2, pp. 33-34.

  •  Carey, G & Crammond, B 2014, 'Help or hindrance? Social policy and the 'social determinants of health'', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 489-507.

  •  Carey, G, Crammond, B & Keast, R 2014, 'Creating change in government to address the social determinants of health: how can efforts be improved?', BMC Public Health, 14:1087

  •  Dixon, J, Carey, G, Strazdins, L et al 2014, 'Contemporary contestations over working time: time for health to weigh in', BMC Public Health. 14: 1068

  •  Carey, G 2014, 'Inequities in the freedom to lead a flourishing and healthy life: time for a progressive social protections framework; Comment on "Inequities in the Freedom to Lead a Flourishing and Healthy Life: Issues for Healthy Public Policy"', International Journal of Health Policy and Management, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 223-225.

  •  Carey, G & Crammond, B 2014, 'The many forms of policy targeting and universalism', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 10.1136/jech-2014- 204311

  •  Carey, G., & Crammond, B. (2014) Help or hindrance? The social services sector and the ‘social determinants of health’. Australian Journal of Social Issues.49(4): 492-507

  •  Carey, G. & Ayton, D. (2013). Partnering with not-for-profit organisations in Australia: critical issues for health promotion. Third Sector Review. 19(1): 25-49.

  •  Ayton, D., Carey, G., Joss, N., Keleher, H. & Smith, B. (2012). Exploring the partnership networks of churches and church affiliated organisations in health promotion. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 18(2) 148-157

  •  Ayton, D., Carey, G., Keleher, H. & Smith, B. (2012). Historical overview of church involvement in health and wellbeing in Australia: Implications for health promotion partnerships. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 18(1): 4-10.

  •  Carey, G. & Riley, T. (2012). Fair and just or just fair? Examining models of government–not-for-profit engagement under the Australian Social Inclusion Agenda. Health Education Research. 27(4): 691-703.

  •  Carey, G., Riley, T. & Crammond, B. (2012). The Australian Government’s ‘Social Inclusion Agenda’: the intersection between public health and social policy. Critical Public Health. 22(1): 47-49.

  •  Carey, G. (2010). Investigating the health implications of social policy initiatives at the local level: study design and methods. BMC Public Health. Vol 10 (759)

  •  Carey, G.E., Braunack-Mayer, A.B & Barraket, J. (2009) Spaces of care in the third sector: Understanding the effects of professionalisation. Health Vol 13(5): 1-18.

  •  Carey. G.E. & Braunack-Mayer, A.J. (2009) Exploring the effects of government funding on community-based organisations: ‘Top-down’ or ‘bottom-up’ approaches to health promotion? Global Health Promotion. Vol. 16(3).

  •  Carey, G.E. (2008) Conceptualising the Third Sector: Foucauldian Insights. Third Sector Review. Vol 14(1): 9-22.

  •  Carey, G.E & Smith, J.A. (2007). Jack-of-all-trades, master of none: Postgraduate perspectives on interdisciplinary health research in Australia. BMC Health Services Research. 7:48 .

  •  Smith, J.A. & Carey, G. (2007). Those who are crossing boundaries need less talk, more help and flexibility. Nature. 447(7145): 638.

  •  Smith, J.A. & Carey, G. (2007). What is the role of an interdisciplinary researcher? International Journal of Epidemiology. 36 (3):690-690

  •  McLoughlin, P & Carey, G.(2013). Re-framing the links between homelessness and health: insights from the social determinants of health perspective. Parity. 26(10): 20-21.

  •  Carey, G., Corrie, T. & Landvogt K. (2013). The Power to Persuade: Building Knowledge & Capacity for Social Change. Evaluation Report. Available: http://www.goodshepvic.org.au/

  •  Landvogt, K. Carey, G., McQueen, S. (2012). The Power to Persuade: Building Knowledge & Capacity for Social Change. Evaluation Report. ISBN: 978-0-9587134-0-5

 

Recent Keynotes

 

 

  • Carey (2017). Keynote. Joined-up government: what works, what doesn’t and how we can improve? South Australian Government – Joined-up Policy Guide Launch (Department of Premier and Cabinet).
  • Carey, G. (2017). Invited contributor and speaker New markets in disability: what do they tell us about market stewardship? Theorising the dynamics of social service markets: risk, regulation and rent-seeking. Meagher, G., Considine, M. & Braithwaite, V. Academy of Social Sciences Workshop
  • Carey, G. (2017). Invited contributor and speaker – Walters, J., Head, B, Edwards, M. The Contemporary Policy Challenge. Academy of Social Sciences Workshop.
  • Carey, G (2016). The vexed question of public sector market stewardsip. Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa
  • Carey, G (2016). Reconceptualising public health efforts to change government policy. Centre for Health, Law, Policy and Politics. University
  • Carey, G. (2016). The challenges of joined-up governance. Federal Parliamentary Library.
  • Carey, G. (2016). Panel member.  Dangerous ideas for working differently in the policy space. ACTCOSS Annual Conference
  • Carey, G. Panel member. The boundary challenge: how can we understand the practice of working across boundaries if we can’t do it ourselves? IRSPM, Hong Kong 15th April. 2016.
  • Carey, G. Panel member. ANU Advocacy Lab. ANU, 5th March 2016
  • Carey, G. For Purpose Summer School. Keynote & panel discussion. 'Shaping policy: from randomised control trials to ‘action tanks’ and everything in between' (2016). 'Persuading governments to act'. 19th Feb, Canberra.
  • Carey, G. Invited speaker Annual NSW Health Promotion Forum. (2016). Proportionate Universalism and Disadvantaged Populations. 31st March, Sydney
  • Carey, G. Plenary panel participant ‘How can health promotion shine a new light on the administration of policies for reduced social inequalities?’. , IUPHE World Conference on Health Promotion (2016). Brazil, May 24th.
  • Carey, G. (2015) Keynote. Communicating academic research for policy and community impact workshop. School of Government, University of Sydney. Oct 15th.
  • Carey, G.  (2015) Keynote - Expert panel discussion hosted by the Sax Institute (UNSW) and Propel Centre for Population Health Impact (University of Waterloo) – Partnership and public health: stories of collaboration in research, policy and practice. Sydney, July 17th.

My Expertise

Public administration and management

Public health (health equity and the social determinants of health)

Joined-up government and cross-sectoral collaboration

National Disability Insurance Scheme

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Contact

0421132099

Research Activities

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) provides cover for Australians with a severe disability, and represents a transition to a new model and market for service delivery that will substantially change the nature, focus, and funding of disability support service delivery. The NDIS has been described as a once in a generation reform, highlighting the scale and complexity of the reform. As a result, it offers significant opportunities for learning with regard to policy implementation and public sector management.

In the decades since Australia last implemented a reform of…