Select Publications


Higgins CM, 2017, Asylum by Boat: origins of Australia's refugee policy, NewSouth Publishing, Sydney

Book Chapters

Higgins C, 2023, 'Departure by Diplomacy: a History of Refugee Resettlement Offers between Australia and the United States', in When Migrants Fail to Stay: New Histories on Departures and Migration, Bloomsbury Publishing, pp. 201 - 220,

Higgins C, 2019, 'In-Country Programs', in Juss SS (ed.), Research Handbook on International Refugee Law, Edward Elgar Publishing,

Higgins C, 2019, 'In-country programs: the procedure and politics of an additional pathway to protection', in Juss SS (ed.), RESEARCH HANDBOOK ON INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE LAW, EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, pp. 44 - 56,

Higgins CM, 2016, 'The (un-)sustainability of Australia’s offshore processing and settlement policy', in Moreno-Lax V; Papastavridis E (ed.), Boat Refugees and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach Integrating Maritime Security with Human Rights, Brill,

Higgins C, 2007, 'The relationship between textile and clothing workers and their trade unions', in The Time of Their Lives: the eight hour day and working life, Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, Melbourne, pp. 123 - 135

Journal articles

Tani Bertuol M; Wang B; Baker S; Higgins C; Cousins S; Cheng Z; Jack VA, 2023, 'Refugees as skilled migrants: insights from Australia’s 2018 employer-sponsored refugee migration pilot', Social Indicators Research: an international and interdisciplinary journal for quality-of-life measurement, 170, pp. 323 - 338,

Higgins C, 2022, 'Australia's Refugee Resettlement Agreement with the United States: The Diplomacy and Uncertainty of a “Very Big Deal”', Australian Journal of Politics and History, 68, pp. 197 - 217,

Tani Bertuol M; Baker S; Higgins C; Cousins S, 2022, 'Refugees are a valuable but overlooked economic resource, and it is time to update our approach to migration', The Australian Economic Review, 55, pp. 273 - 280,

Higgins C, 2018, 'Revisiting Reception', History Australia, 15, pp. 834 - 835,

Betts J; Higgins C, 2017, 'The Sri Lankan Civil War and Australia's Migration Policy Response: A Historical Case Study with Contemporary Implications', Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 4, pp. 272 - 285,

Higgins C, 2016, 'New Evidence on refugee status determination in Australia, 1978-1983', Refugee Survey Quarterly, 35, pp. 71 - 93,

Higgins CM, 2016, 'Status determination of Indochinese boat arrivals: a balancing act in Australia', Journal of Refugee Studies, pp. 89 - 105,

Higgins C, 2014, 'Australia's little known in-country programme in latin America', Refugee Survey Quarterly, 33, pp. 8 - 24,

Conference Presentations

Higgins C, 2020, 'Between Humanitarianism and Closure: International Refugee Policies since the Late 1970s - Australia', presented at American Historical Association annual meeting, New York, 03 January 2020 - 06 January 2020,

Higgins C, 2019, 'Complementary pathways for admission under the GCR: a study of in-country processing and protected entry procedures', presented at UNHCR GCR Academic Interdisciplinary Network, Geneva, 13 November 2019 - 13 November 2019

Higgins C, 2019, 'Opening the embassy doors', presented at Australian Historical Association annual conference, University of Southern Queensland, 08 July 2019 - 12 July 2019,

Higgins C, 2018, 'How Italy's Humanitarian Corridors have created pathways to protection in Europe', presented at Liechtenstein Institute on Self-determination at Princeton University, Princeton University, 19 April 2018 - 19 April 2018,

Higgins C, 2018, 'How Italy's Humanitarian Corridors have created pathways to protection in Europe', presented at International Conference on Refugee Policies and Refugee Movements, UCLA, 16 February 2018 - 16 February 2018,

Higgins C, 2018, 'How Italy's Humanitarian Corridors have created pathways to protection in Europe', presented at CCIS Seminar Series, University of California San Diego, 14 February 2018 - 14 February 2018,

Higgins CM, 2016, 'The merits of in-country processing: lessons from Canadian and Australian refugee policy history', presented at Global Histories of Refugees in the 20th and 21st Centuries, University of Melbourne, 06 October 2016 - 08 October 2016

Higgins CM, 2016, 'Pathway to protection or control measure? Historical research on in-country processing', presented at Conference of the International Association for the Study of Forced Migration, Poznan, Poland, 12 July 2016 - 15 July 2016

Higgins CM, 2016, 'Is there a future for in-country processing? Evidence from United States, Canadian and Australian history', presented at Refugee Law Initiative First Annual Conference, University of London, 29 June 2016 - 01 July 2016

Higgins CM, 2016, 'Australia’s in-country programs: a new perspective on the Department of Immigration’s approach to refugee policy and its relationship with Foreign Affairs', presented at Symposium: The Commonwealth Department of Immigration: Then and Now, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 19 February 2016 - 19 February 2016

Higgins CM, 2015, 'Australian refugee policy: a means to what end?', presented at Comparative Asylum Conference, UC San Diego, 30 November 2015 - 30 November 2015

Higgins CM, 2015, 'Towards a new understanding of the Fraser government’s refugee policy', presented at Australian Historical Association annual conference, University of Sydney, 08 July 2015 - 09 July 2015

Higgins CM, 2014, 'A politically sensitive rescue mission: Australia's little known in-country program', presented at Between Principle and Pragmatism: Australia and Refugee Law, 60 Years On, UNSW, 03 November 2014 - 03 November 2014

Higgins CM, 2014, 'The cost and the controversy of Australia's Operation Sovereign Borders', presented at Centre for Refugee Studies seminar, York University, Toronto, 01 October 2014 - 01 October 2014

Higgins CM, 2014, 'Operation Sovereign Borders: a sustainable policy approach?', presented at 'Boat Refugees' and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach Integrating Maritime Security with Human Rights, University of London, 23 June 2014 - 24 June 2014


Higgins C, 2023, Submission to the Independent Review into the Afghan Locally Engaged Employee (LEE) Program

Higgins C; Fee M, 2021, The risks of 'in-country' processing: an assessment of the US Central American Minors Program,

McAdam J; Goodwin-Gill G; Gleeson M; Higgins C; Pillai S; Hodgson N; Yacoub N, 2021, Submission on the Nationality and Borders Bill 2021,

Higgins C; Goodwin-Gill G, 2021, Committee inquiry into Australia’s engagement in Afghanistan,

Higgins C, 2020, Protecting Refugees and Australia's Interests, ANU Strategic and Defence Studies Centre,

Higgins C, 2019, Safe Journeys and Sound Policy: Expanding Protected Entry for Refugees, Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Policy Brief no. 8,

Wood T; Higgins C, 2018, Special humanitarian intakes: enhancing protection through targeted refugee resettlement, Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law, UNSW, Sydney,

McAdam J; Appleby G; Higgins C, 2015, Migration Amendment (Maintaining the Good Order of Immigration Detention Facilities) Bill 2015, Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law; Gilbert + Tobin Centre of Public Law, UNSW, Sydney,

Higgins CM; Douglas B; Keski-Nummi A; McAdam J; McLeod T, 2014, Beyond the Boats: Building an Asylum and Refugee Policy for the Long Term

Higgins C, 2009, Offshore refugees: settlement experiences of humanitarian arrivals in Australia, Parliamentary Library, Parliament of Victoria, Melbourne,

Recorded / Rendered Creative Works

Higgins CM, 2014, ‘Australia should resume processing refugees in their own countries’, Sydney Morning Herald, Published: 03 November 2014, Recorded / Rendered Creative Works

Higgins CM, 2014, ‘International legal obligations once shaped our refugee policy’,, Published: 23 October 2014, Recorded / Rendered Creative Works


McAdam J; Barbour B; Higgins C; Ghezelbash D; Gleeson M; Harley T, 2023, Our cruel and costly offshore processing system was a failure. We have a better solution on asylum policy, The Conversation, ,

Higgins C; Jefferies R, 2022, With Australia reopening its borders to tourists, why are thousands of refugees still waiting for entry?, ,

Higgins C, 2021, There’s a way to get refugees out of Afghanistan after this week’s deadline — if the Taliban agrees, ,

Higgins C, 2021, Afghan refugees can no longer wait — Australia must offer permanent protection now, ,

Higgins C, 2021, Resettling refugees in other countries is not reliable, nor is it fair. So, why is Australia doing it?, ,

Higgins C, 2021, Immigration Detention Budget, ,

Higgins C, 2021, ‘With billions more allocated to immigration detention, it’s another bleak year for refugees’, ,

Higgins C, 2021, ‘Refugee resettlement and the remaking of America’s image abroad’, ,

Higgins C, 2021, Could the Biden administration pressure Australia to adopt more humane refugee policies?, ,

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