Select Publications


Ayuk E; Pedro A; Ekins P; Gatune J; Milligan B, 2020, Mineral Resource Government in the 21st Century: Gearing extractive industries towards sustainable development, United Nations Environment Programme,

Tsamenyi M; Palma MA; Milligan B; Mfodwo K, 2009, Fairer Fishing?, Commonwealth,

Tsamenyi M, 2009, Fairer Fishing? The Impact on Developing Countries of the European Community Regulation on Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fisheries, Commonwealth Secretariat

Book Chapters

Fenichel EP; Milligan B; Porras I; Addicott ET; Árnasson R; Bordt M; Djavidnia S; Dvarskas A; Goldman E; Grimsrud K; Lange G-M; Matuszak J; Muawanah U; Quaas M; Soulard F; Vestergaard N; Zhang J, 2023, 'National Accounting for the Ocean and Ocean Economy', in The Blue Compendium, Springer International Publishing, pp. 279 - 307,

Bleby A; Holley C; Milligan B, 2021, 'Exploring the planetary boundaries and environmental law: historical development, interactions and synergies', in Kotzé L; French D (ed.), Research Handbook on Law, Governance and Planetary Boundaries, Edward Elgar, pp. 21 - 44,

Milligan B; Macrory R, 2018, 'The history and evolution of legal principles concerning the environment', in Principles of Environmental Law, Edward Elgar Publishing,

Yassin Mohammed E; Steinbach D; Steele P; Milligan B, 2017, 'Fiscal Reforms for Sustainable Marine Fisheries Governance: Institutional Frameworks and Design Essentials', in Handbook on the Economics and Management of Sustainable Oceans, Edward Elgar Publishing

Milligan B, 2013, 'Marine protected areas in Antarctic waters: a review of policy options in the context of international law', in The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction, Brill

Milligan B, 2013, 'The Australia-Papua New Guinea Torres Strait Treaty: A model for co-operative management of the South China Sea?', in Beyond Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea: Legal Frameworks for the Joint Development of Hydrocarbon Resources, pp. 268 - 288,

Journal articles

Loureiro TG; Milligan B; Gacutan J; Adewumi IJ; Findlay K, 2023, 'Ocean accounts as an approach to foster, monitor, and report progress towards sustainable development in a changing ocean – The Systems and Flows Model', Marine Policy, 154,

Gacutan J; Oliver JL; Tait H; Praphotjanaporn T; Milligan BM, 2023, 'Exploring how citizen science projects measuring beach plastic debris can support UN Sustainable Development Goals', Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 8,

Gacutan J; Pınarbaşı K; Agbaglah M; Bradley C; Galparsoro I; Murillas A; Adewumi I; Praphotjanaporn T; Bordt M; Findlay K; Lantz C; Milligan BM, 2022, 'The emerging intersection between marine spatial planning and ocean accounting: A global review and case studies', Marine Policy, 140,

Gacutan J; Galparsoro I; Pınarbaşı K; Murillas A; Adewumi IJ; Praphotjanaporn T; Johnston EL; Findlay KP; Milligan BM, 2022, 'Marine spatial planning and ocean accounting: Synergistic tools enhancing integration in ocean governance', Marine Policy, 136,

Loureiro TG; Gacutan J; Milligan BM; Praphotjanaporn T; Findlay K, 2022, 'Every account counts for sustainable development: lessons from the African CoP to implement ocean accounts in the Western Indian Ocean region', Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 2022, pp. 139 - 165,

Gacutan J; Lal KK; Herath S; Lantz C; Taylor MD; Milligan BM, 2022, 'Using Ocean Accounting towards an integrated assessment of ecosystem services and benefits within a coastal lake', One Ecosystem, 7,

Maes MJA; Pirani M; Booth ER; Shen C; Milligan B; Jones KE; Toledano MB, 2021, 'Benefit of woodland and other natural environments for adolescents’ cognition and mental health', Nature Sustainability, 4, pp. 851 - 858,

Niner HJ; Jones PJS; Milligan B; Styan C, 2021, 'Exploring the practical implementation of marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia', Journal of Environmental Management, 295,

Nuttall P; Newell A; Rojon I; Milligan B; Irvin A, 2021, 'Pacific island domestic shipping emissions abatement measures and technology transition pathways for selected ship types', Marine Policy, 132,

Parikh P; Diep L; Hofmann P; Tomei J; Campos LC; Teh T-H; Mulugetta Y; Milligan B; Lakhanpaul M, 2021, 'Synergies and trade-offs between sanitation and the sustainable development goals.', UCL Open Environ, 3, pp. e016,

Luisetti T; Ferrini S; Grilli G; Jickells TD; Kennedy H; Kröger S; Lorenzoni I; Milligan B; van der Molen J; Parker R; Pryce T; Turner RK; Tyllianakis E, 2020, 'Climate action requires new accounting guidance and governance frameworks to manage carbon in shelf seas', Nature Communications, 11,

Fairbrass A; Mace G; Ekins P; Milligan B, 2020, 'The natural capital indicator framework (NCIF) for improved national natural capital reporting', Ecosystem Services, 46,

Fenichel EP; Addicott ET; Grimsrud KM; Lange GM; Porras I; Milligan B, 2020, 'Modifying national accounts for sustainable ocean development', Nature Sustainability, 3, pp. 889 - 895,

Maes MJA; Jones KE; Toledano MB; Milligan B, 2020, 'Accounting for natural capital has cross-cutting relevance for UK public sector decision-making', Ecosystem Services, 44,

Taylor SFW; Roberts MJ; Milligan B; Ncwadi R, 2019, 'Measurement and implications of marine food security in the Western Indian Ocean: an impending crisis?', Food Security, 11, pp. 1395 - 1415,

Fuso Nerini F; Sovacool B; Hughes N; Cozzi L; Cosgrave E; Howells M; Tavoni M; Tomei J; Zerriffi H; Milligan B, 2019, 'Connecting climate action with other Sustainable Development Goals', Nature Sustainability, 2, pp. 674 - 680,

Maes MJA; Jones KE; Toledano MB; Milligan B, 2019, 'Mapping synergies and trade-offs between urban ecosystems and the sustainable development goals', Environmental Science and Policy, 93, pp. 181 - 188,

Hermes JC; Masumoto Y; Beal LM; Roxy MK; Vialard J; Andres M; Annamalai H; Behera S; D'Adamo N; Doi T; Feng M; Han W; Hardman-Mountford N; Hendon H; Hood R; Kido S; Lee C; Lee T; Lengaigne M; Li J; Lumpkin R; Navaneeth KN; Milligan B; McPhaden MJ; Ravichandran M; Shinoda T; Singh A; Sloyan B; Strutton PG; Subramanian AC; Thurston S; Tozuka T; Ummenhofer CC; Unnikrishnan AS; Venkatesan R; Wang D; Wiggert J; Yu L; Yu W, 2019, 'A sustained ocean observing system in the indian ocean for climate related scientific knowledge and societal needs', Frontiers in Marine Science, 6,

Milligan B; O'Keeffe M, 2019, 'Global Governance of Resources and Implications for Resource Efficiency in Europe', Ecological Economics, 155, pp. 46 - 58,

Pearson RG; Martínez-Meyer E; Velázquez MA; Caron M; Corona-Núñez RO; Davis K; Durán AP; García-Morales R; Hackett TD; Ingram DJ; Díaz RL; Lescano J; Lira-Noriega A; López-Maldonado Y; Manuschevich D; Mendoza A; Milligan B; Mills SC; Moreira-Arce D; Nava LF; Oostra V; Owen N; Prieto-Torres D; Soto CR; Smith T; Suggitt AJ; Haristoy CT; Velásquez-Tibatá J; Díaz S; Marquet PA, 2019, 'Research priorities for maintaining biodiversity's contributions to people in Latin America.', UCL Open Environ, 1, pp. e002,

Fuso Nerini F; Tomei J; To LS; Bisaga I; Parikh P; Black M; Borrion A; Spataru C; Castán Broto V; Anandarajah G; Milligan B; Mulugetta Y, 2018, 'Mapping synergies and trade-offs between energy and the Sustainable Development Goals', Nature Energy, 3, pp. 10 - 15,

Fuso Nerini F; Milligan B, 2018, 'Shore up support for climate action using SDGs', Nature, 557, pp. 31 - 31,

Niner HJ; Milligan B; Jones PJS; Styan CA, 2017, 'Realising a vision of no net loss through marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia', Ocean and Coastal Management, 148, pp. 22 - 30,

Niner HJ; Milligan B; Jones PJS; Styan CA, 2017, 'A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy', Marine Policy, 81, pp. 368 - 374,

Pedro A; Ayuk ET; Bodouroglou C; Milligan B; Ekins P; Oberle B, 2017, 'Erratum to: Towards a sustainable development licence to operate for the extractive sector (Mineral Economics, (2017), 30, 2, (153-165), 10.1007/s13563-017-0108-9)', Mineral Economics, 30, pp. 167,

Scott J; Smith T; Rehmatulla N; Milligan B, 2017, 'The promise and limits of private standards in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from shipping', Journal of Environmental Law, 29, pp. 231 - 262,

Pedro A; Ayuk ET; Bodouroglou C; Milligan B; Ekins P; Oberle B, 2017, 'Towards a sustainable development licence to operate for the extractive sector', Mineral Economics, 30, pp. 153 - 165,

Terama E; Milligan B; Jiménez-Aybar R; Mace GM; Ekins P, 2016, 'Accounting for the environment as an economic asset: global progress and realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development', Sustainability Science, 11, pp. 945 - 950,

Milligan B, 2014, 'Planning for offshore CO2 storage: Law and policy in the United Kingdom', Marine Policy, 48, pp. 162 - 171,

Tsamenyi M; Palma MA; Milligan B; Mfodwo K, 2010, 'The European council regulation on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing: An international fisheries law perspective', International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 25, pp. 5 - 31,

Kopela Oral Noussia Tsamenyi Barnes R; Metcalfe Palma D; Milligan B; Mfodwo K, 2010, 'Publisher’s Note', The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 25, pp. 1 - 1,

Rose G; Milligan B, 2009, 'Law for the Management of Antarctic Marine Living Resources: From Normative Conflicts towards Integrated Governance?*', Yearbook of International Environmental Law, 20, pp. 41 - 87,

Tsamenyi M; Schofield C; Milligan B, 2009, 'Navigation through archipelagos: Current state practice', Center for Oceans Law and Policy, 13, pp. 413 - 454,


Bordt M; Milligan B; Praphotjanaporn T, 2020, Technical Guidance on Ocean Accounting for Sustainable Development, UNESCAP and Global Ocean Accounts Partnership, Version 0.8 Consultation Draft,

Milligan B; Mehra M, 2019, Environmental law-making for sustainable development: A guide for legislators, UN Environment,,

Porras I; Mohammed E; Milligan B; James P; Harper S; Pochet G; Vargas R; Merayo E; Steele P, 2019, No hidden catch: Mainstreaming values of small-scale fisheries in national accounts, IIED,

Ekins P; Hughes N; Pye S; Winning M; Macrory R; Milligan B; Hazeldine S; Watson J, 2017, The role of CCS in meeting climate policy targets, Global CCS Institute,

Helsingen H; Milligan B; Dailey M; Bhagabati N, 2017, Greening China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Myanmar: Rapid Assessment of Opportunities and Risks for Myanmar’s Natural Capital,,

Martinez Romera B; Smith T; Milligan B; Andersson K; Grahn M, 2017, Nordic Action for a Transformation to Low-Carbon Shipping, 2017:544,,

Ekins P; Hughes N; Milligan B, 2017, Rapid Assessment on the Prospects and Economic Implications of Resource Efficiency:,

Theses / Dissertations

Milligan B, 2013, Legal and policy options for the provisional management of maritime spaces subject to overlapping jurisdictional claims,

Back to profile page